Egypt


Egypt
Egypt and the people of Israel have tangled together throughout the biblical, medieval, and modern periods. As one of the great civilizations of the ancient world, relatively free from foreign invasions until the arrival of the Assyrians (7th cent. BCE), and enjoying a good climate and a prosperous economy, Egypt was at various times a haven for Israelite refugees (1 Kgs. 11:17; 12:3), a dominant military power, and a cultural influence on Israel—though never a directly religious influence, even if Moses (an Egyptian name) was instructed in Egyptian wisdom (Acts 7:22).
Abraham went to Egypt for survival. Joseph was forcibly taken there but rose to eminence. The Exodus [[➝ Exodus, the]] from Egypt was ever afterwards branded on the national memory. Settled in Palestine, the countries of Israel and Judah were always liable to be squeezed by the warring powers in the NE and Egypt in the SW; captives seized by Egyptian raiding parties during the Israelite monarchy remained there; Ishmael and his fellow conspirators fled there, dragging Jeremiah with them after the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians. Joseph and Mary are recorded (Matt. 2:13) as taking the infant Jesus to Egypt to escape the wrath of Herod (See Old Testament in the New Testament).
A military colony of Jews was established in the 5th cent. BCE at Elephantine on the Egyptian border, and for about two centuries until 73 CE there was a Jewish temple at Leontopolis. There was a considerable Jewish population in Alexandria; and the historian Eusebius records the tradition that the Church was founded there by Mark the evangelist. Little of the Church in Egypt is known before the great persecution of the 3rd cent., but a Christian community eventually became the predominant religious group in the country until the Islamic conquest in the 7th cent. CE. Christianity still survives as the small Coptic Church.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Egypt — • Provides information on history, religion, and literature Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Egypt     Egypt     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • EGYPT — EGYPT, country in N.E. Africa, centering along the banks of the River Nile from the Mediterranean coast southward beyond the first cataract at Aswan. The ancient Egyptians named their land Kemi, the Black Land, while the neighboring Asiatic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Egypt — steht für: Ägypten (englisch) Egypt (1897), Passagierschiff der britischen Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company Egypt ist der Name folgender Orte: Egypt (Buckinghamshire), Burnham, Buckinghamshire, Großbritannien Egypt (Arkansas),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Egypt —    Egypt, a majority Muslim country, is also home to two ancient Christian churches, the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. Of approximately 9.5 million Christians in Egypt, more than 8.5… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Egypt — O.E. Egipte, from Fr. Egypte, from Gk. Aigyptos the river Nile, Egypt, from Amarna Hikuptah, corresponding to Egypt. Ha(t) ka ptah temple of the soul of Ptah, the creative god associated with Memphis, the ancient city of Egypt. Strictly one of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Egypt — Egypt, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 101 Housing Units (2000): 51 Land area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Egypt, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 101 Housing Units (2000): 51 Land area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Egypt — n. a country at the northeastern corner of Africa. At one time it was joined with Syria to form the United Arab Republic. Syn: United Arab Republic. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • egypt — egypt; egypt·ize; …   English syllables

  • Egypt — Egypt1 [ē′jipt] country in NE Africa, on the Mediterranean and Red seas: ancient Egyptian dynasties may date back as far as 4500 B.C.; in modern times, occupied by the British in 1882 & achieved independence in 1922: 386,662 sq mi (1,001,451 sq… …   English World dictionary


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